# Debate Tie Breakers

Here is quick break down of debate tie breakers:

Tie Breaker | Explanation |

Wins |
A team wins including any bye wins |

High Low Points |
Add up the speaker point total for the team in each prelim round, subtract the highest and lowest scores |

Total Points |
Add up the speaker point total for the team in each prelim round, add all rounds |

Opp Wins |
Calculate the number of wins for each team's opponents in each prelim |

Two High Low Points |
Add up the speaker point total for the team in each prelim round, subtract the two highest and two lowest scores |

ZScore |
Calculate the judge variance score for each team |

Ranks |
Add up the ranks for each team in each prelim round |

Ballots |
Calculates the number of ballots a team has won in prelims (useful when assigning more than 1 judge in prelims) |

Real Wins |
A team wins excluding any bye wins |

Random |
Random Number |

Imagine a team has the following results

Round | Results | Speaker 1 Points | Speaker 2 Points |

1 | Win | 25 | 28 |

2 | Win | 22 | 25 |

3 | Loss | 21 | 20 |

4 | Win-BYE | B | B |

5 | Loss | 21 | 21 |

6 | Win | 25 | 25 |

In this instance, the team won rounds 1,2,4 and 6. So the team would have a **Wins** total of 4. However, you'll notice that in round 4 the team won against a BYE team. For purposes of **Real Wins** their win total would be 3. NOTE: very few tournaments use real wins.

For ballots, assume this tournament used only 1 judge per round. The team's **Ballots** total would be 4 as well. However, if the tournament assigned 2 judges per prelim, you can imagine a situation where judges have split decisions. So it may be advantageous to ignore the "win" metric and just count ballots.

**Random** number is just a random number generated when the team registers for the tournament. It stays constant for the entire tournament to ensure ranking stability.

The rest of the ranking criteria deal with speaker point totals for the team. So if we add up the scores for each round we get:

Round | Team Point Total |

1 | 53 (25 + 28) |

2 | 47 (22 + 25) |

3 | 41 (21+20) |

4 | TEAM AVERAGE SCORE (46.6) |

5 | 42 (21 + 21) |

6 | 50 (25+25) |

You'll notice that because of the bye round, the team will have their average point total inserted. If you add up the five scores that we have (53+47+41+42+50) and divide by the number of scores (5) you'll get 46.6 average.

So the team's **Total Points** would be 279.6. To get the **High Low Points** we subtract the highest team score (53 -Round 1) and lowest team score (41 - Round 3) from the total (279.6-53-41) which would be 185.6. Two High Low does the same logic except it remove the two highest and two lowest scores. So it would be 279.6-53-50-41-42 = 93.6

**Opp wins **goes through each opponent in prelim rounds and adds up the **Wins** total. It tries to measure the strength of the opponents.

**Ranks**** **adds** **up the ranks assigned to each team in each prelim and adds them all up.

**ZScore** measures judge variance. You can get more information about ZScore calculations.